Almanac – My Favorite Words

I love words.  I wrote about how looking at various different words, I can see the contours of our common human experience. It’s amazing to find a word in Japanese or Russian that totally describes something that I’ve always been looking for. There’s something magical when you finally have a name for it!  Here are some of my favorite foreign words, British/Irish Words, old words, words with an “s” sound, high falulin words, weird names of real people, the Allusionist Podcast, and some other words.

Foreign Words

There’s a great young people’s book that I love called What a Wonderful Word. It’s a  short collection of 24 untranslatable words from around the world. Some of those words are included below I posted more about the book here. I also found two other books on the topic: the beautiful book Lost in Translation (Maria Popova’s review) and Other Wordly. Lost in Translation has some wonderful illustrations (e.g., for Pochemuchka that I link to below.)

  • Pochemuchka (Russian) — A child who asks “why?” all the time; a person who asks too many questions.  I totally was that kid. My dad had a friend who actually limited to 3 questions a day. I don’t remember the types of questions but I was a very curious kid. When I got older I found that as adults we don’t ask enough questions and need to dig deeper
  • Poronkusema (Finnish) — The distance a reindeer can walk before needing to use the toilet. Normally less than 5 miles.
  • Murr-Ma (Wagiman, an indigenous Australian language) — To walk through the water, searching for something with only your feet.
  • Abbiocco (Italian) — Drowsiness from eating a big meal
  • Gluggavedur (Icelandic) — Weather that looks beautiful while you’re inside, but is much too cold when you step outside.
  • Talaka (Belarusian) — The act of working cooperatively, as when assisting someone in their house or field without expecting payment other than a good meal shared at the end of the day
  • Nakama (Japanese) — Friends who are like family
  • Cafune (Brazilian Portuguese) —The act of running your fingers through someone’s hair
  • Mencolek (Indonesian) — The act of tapping someone lightly on the opposite shoulder from behind to fool them.
  • Pelinti (Buli, a Ghanian language) — To move food that is too hot around your mouth as you wait for it to cool down
  • Fika (Swedish) — Gathering together to talk and take a break from everyday routines, usually drinking coffee and eating pastries—either at home or at a cafe—for hours on end
  • Kummerspeck (German) — Literally “grief bacon,” it refers to the weight gained from stress eating
  • Jayus (Indonesian) — A joke so bad that you cannot help but laugh
  • Trepverter (Yiddish) — A witty riposte or comeback thought of only when it is too late to use. Literally, “staircase words.” An entire episode of Seinfeld was based on this concept
  • Akihi (Hawaiian) — Listening to directions and then walking off and promptly forgetting them
  • Drachenfutter (German) — The fit a husband gives his wife when he’s trying to make up for bad behavior. Literally “dragon fodder”
  • Iktsuarpok (Inuit) — The act of repeatedly going outside to keep checking if anyone else is coming
  • Luftmensch (Yiddish) — Someone who is a bit of a dreamer. Literally “head in the clouds”
  • Kabelsalat (German) — The mess of tangled wires or computer cables. Literally “cable salad”
  • Tsundoku — The Japanese word for acquiring reading materials but letting them pile up in one’s home without reading them

British/Irish Words

  • Sgrìob (Gaelic) — The itchiness on the upper lip that comes before taking a sip of whiskey
  • Tartle (Scottish) — To hesitate while introducing or meeting someone because you have forgotten their name

Old Words

  • Abecedarian — The word means “alphabetical” but don’t the letters line up so nicely?
  • Battologia — The meaningless repetition of words or ideas. To me, it sounds like using words as a battering ram.
  • Zeugma — Using more than one meaning for a single word in a sentence like the phrase “Last week John lost his wallet and his life.”

My Favorite Words With an “S” Sound

  • Capsaicin — The stuff that makes chili peppers spicy
  • Corpus — A collection of written texts.
  • Feckless — Irresponsible. I liked this word before the Samantha Bee controversy.
  • Insouciant — Showing a casual lack of concern; indifferent.
  • Screed — A long piece of writing, especially one that is boring or expresses an unreasonably strong opinion.
  • Sibilant — The speech sounds produced by forcing air through a constricted passage (as ‘f’, ‘s’, ‘z’, or ‘th’ in both ‘thin’ and ‘then’). I also like a similar word plosive which is stopping the airflow using the lips, teeth, or palate, followed by a sudden release of air (e.g, t, k, and p).
  • Sphygmomanometer — A blood pressure cuff.

My Favorite Pompous, High Falutin Words

  • Bloviate — Talk at length, especially in an inflated or empty way.
  • Ebullient — Cheerful and full of energy.
  • Stentorian — Loud, powerful, booming, suitable for giving speeches to large crowds.
  • Treacle — Cloying sentimentality or flattery.
  • Unctuous — Excessively or ingratiatingly flattering; oily.

My Favorite Names of Real People

The Allusionist Podcast

I found an amazing etymological podcast called The Allusionist by Helen Zaltzman. She has some great episodes on cursing [NSFW], Mountweazels (fictional words used in dictionaries for copyright purposes), portmanteaus (combination words like “brunch”) and eponyms (words named after people). She also had a great TED talk on how the letter i got a dot on top of it.

Other Concepts Too Good to Leave Out

  • Nepreryvka — In the early 20th century the Soviet union eliminated weekends and implemented a continuous 5 day work week eliminating weekends
  • Velben Goods — Demand for most products increases as the price goes down. Velben goods are more demanded as prices go up, like in designer handbags
  • Exceptional Working Day — Sometimes countries will create special holidays, like to honor the death of a president. This is the opposite, when the government decides people should work on a weekend. I’ve seen this happen in India when they needed to open the banks to clear payments and in China so that they could give people the whole week off for Chinese New Year